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Tinnitus and hearing in 7-year-old children.

Journal article
Authors Jolanta Juul
Marie-Louise Barrenäs
Kajsa-Mia Holgers
Published in Archives of disease in childhood
Volume 97
Issue 1
Pages 28-30
ISSN 1468-2044
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Audiology, Logopedics, Occupational Therapy & Physiotherapy
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 28-30
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-201...
Subject categories Otoneurology

Abstract

Background Tinnitus occurs with or without prior noise exposure (noise-induced tinnitus (NIT) and spontaneous tinnitus (ST)), and is considered a symptom related to permanent hearing impairment (HI) or temporary hearing threshold shift (TTS). Objective To carry out a cross-sectional interview study on TTS, ST and NIT during a standard audiometric screening of 756 7-year-old children in Gothenburg. Results 41% out of 756 children reported either NIT or ST on several occasions, 17% reported recurrent TTS and 7% failed the audiometry screening. The probability of ST was 27% for children with no HI or TTS (OR=1.23 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.34)) but 63% (OR=1.16 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.33)) if exhibiting both HI and TTS. Conclusion This study confirms an increased occurrence of spontaneous tinnitus in children with TTS or HI and in children with both TTS and HI, in particular, but also in children with normal hearing. Possibly, tinnitus in young children correlates with stress as in adolescents and adults.

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