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Altered levels of circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) following ischemic stroke are associated with outcome - a prospective observational study

Journal article
Authors N David Åberg
Daniel Åberg
Katarina Jood
Michael Nilsson
Christian Blomstrand
Hans-Georg Kuhn
Johan Svensson
Christina Jern
Jörgen Isgaard
Published in BMC Neurology
Volume 18
Issue 1
Pages 106+
ISSN 1471-2377
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Biomedicine
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Pages 106+
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1107-...
Keywords Insulin-like growth factor I, Ischemic stroke, Outcome, physical-activity, brain, register, hormone, neuroprotection, classification, history, health, injury, blood
Subject categories Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems, Neurosciences

Abstract

Background: Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has neuroprotective effects in experimental ischemic stroke (IS). However, in patients who have suffered IS, various associations between the levels of serum IGF-I (s-IGF-I) and clinical outcome have been reported, probably reflecting differences in sampling time-points and follow-up periods. Since changes in the levels of post-stroke s-IGF-I have not been extensively explored, we investigated whether decreases in the levels of s-IGF-I between the acute time-point (median, 4 days) and 3 months (Delta IGF-I, further transformed into Delta IGF-I-quintiles, Delta IGF-I-q) are associated with IS severity and outcome. Methods: In the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke (SAHLSIS) conducted in Gothenburg, Sweden, patients with IS who had s-IGF-I measurements available were included (N = 354; 65% males; mean age, 55 years). Baseline stroke severity was evaluated using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and converted into NIHSS-quintiles (NIHSS-q). Outcomes were assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 3 months and 2 years. Results: In general, the levels of s-IGF-I decreased (positive Delta IGF-I), except for those patients with the most severe NIHSS-q. After correction for sex and age, the 3rd Delta IGF-I-q showed the strongest association to mRS 0-2 [Odds Ratio (OR) 5.11, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.18-11.9], and after 2 years, the 5th Delta IGF-I-q (OR 3.63, 95% CI 1.40-9.38) showed the strongest association to mRS 0-2. The associations remained significant after multivariate correction for diabetes, smoking, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia after 3 months, but were not significant (p = 0.057) after 2 years. The 3-month associations withstood additional correction for baseline stroke severity (p = 0.035), whereas the 2-year associations were further attenuated (p = 031). Conclusions: Changes in the levels of s-IGF-I are associated primarily with temporally near 3-month outcomes, while associations with long-term 2-year outcomes are weakened and attenuated by other factors. The significance of the change in post-stroke s-IGF-I is compatible with a positive role for IGF-I in IS recovery. However, the exact mechanisms are unknown and probably reflects combinations of multiple peripheral and central actions.

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