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Non-adherence to immunosuppressant after lung transplantation - A common risk behavior

Journal article
Authors Annette Lennerling
K. Annika
F. Anna
Published in Open Nursing Journal
Volume 13
Pages 108-115
ISSN 1874-4346
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Pages 108-115
Language en
Keywords Health literacy, Lung transplantation, Non-adherence, Self-report instruments, Symptoms, Well-being
Subject categories Nursing, Transplantation surgery


Background: After lung transplantation, life-long treatment with immunosuppressive medication is required to prevent rejection and graft loss but adherence to immunosuppressive treatment may be difficult for the lung recipient. Adherence is essential and non-adherence to immunosuppressive treatment can lead to graft loss and death. Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of non-adherence 1 to 5 years after lung transplantation in relation to symptom burden, health literacy, psychological well-being and relevant demographic variables. Methods: 117 adult lung recipients, due for their annual follow-up 1-5 years after lung transplantation, participated. Four self-report instruments were used for assessment: the Basel Assessment of Adherence with Immunosuppressive Medication Scale, the Newest Vital Sign, the Psychological General Well-Being and the Organ Transplant Symptom and Wellbeing Instrument. Statistical analysis was performed. Results: Thirty percent of the lung recipients were non-adherent. The most common non-adherence dimension was not taking a dose (43%) and not being punctual with the regimen (80%). Of those working full time or part time, 43% were non-adherent (p=.032). A higher level of non-adherence was reported a long time after LuTx with the highest level at the 3-year follow-up. Conclusion: The level of non-adherence among lung recipients was high. The highest levels were found among those who had returned to work. Non-adherence increased with time after lung transplantation. © 2019 Annette et al.

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