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Patients' experiences of acquiring a deep surgical site infection: An interview study

Journal article
Authors Annette Erichsen Andersson
Ingrid Bergh
Jón Karlsson
Kerstin Nilsson
Published in American Journal of Infection Control
Volume 38
Issue 9
Pages 711-717
ISSN 0196-6553
Publication year 2010
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedics
Pages 711-717
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2010.03.0...
Keywords Surgical site infection; patient experience; qualitative study
Subject categories Nursing

Abstract

Background: The negative impact of surgical site infection (SSI) in terms of morbidity, mortality, additional costs, and length of stay (LOS) in the hospital is well described in the literature, as are risk factors and preventive measures. Given the lack of knowledge regarding patients’ experiences of SSI, the aim of the present study was to describe patients’ experiences of acquiring a deep SSI. Methods: Content analysis was used to analyze data obtained from 14 open interviews with participants diagnosed with a deep SSI. Results: Patients acquiring a deep SSI suffer significantly from pain, isolation, and insecurity. The SSI changes physical, emotional, social, and economic aspects of life in extremely negative ways, and these changes are often persistent. Conclusion: Health care professionals should focus on strategies to enable early diagnosis and treatment of SSIs. The unacceptable suffering related to the infection, medical treatment, and an insufficient patient-professional relationship should be addressed when planning individual care, because every effort is needed to support this group of patients and minimize their distress. All possible measures should be taken to avoid bacterial contamination of the surgical wound during and after surgery to prevent the development of SSI.

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