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Do home fire and safety checks by on-duty firefighters decrease the number of fires? Quasi-experimental evidence from Southern Sweden

Journal article
Authors B. Sund
Carl Bonander
N. Jakobsson
H. Jaldell
Published in Journal of Safety Research
Volume 70
Issue September
Pages 39-47
ISSN 0022-4375
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 39-47
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2019.04.00...
Keywords Cost–benefit analysis, Fire prevention, Public education, Residential fires, Smoke alarms, Alarm systems, Costs, Economic analysis, Economic and social effects, Fireproofing, Fires, Housing, Smoke, Benefit analysis, Cost benefit analysis
Subject categories Other Social Sciences

Abstract

Introduction: Fire and rescue services Syd, in the south of Sweden, started to conduct home fire and safety checks on a large scale in 2010. The goal was to reduce the damages from residential fires. Method: We estimate the effects of the intervention on the incidence of residential fires and evaluate its economic effect. We use a difference-in-kinks design to analyze time-varying intervention effects and conduct a cost–benefit analysis for the economic evaluation. Results: The results demonstrate that fires and developed fires decrease by a maximum of approximately 6% and 8% per year (assuming 100% causality)and that the intervention has positive economic effects, with the benefits estimated to be maximum 8–11 times higher than the costs. Practical applications: The results should be valuable as input when deciding whether to implement home fire and safety checks elsewhere. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd and National Safety Council

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