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Feeling like a stranger: negotiations with culture as experienced by Chilean occupational therapists

Journal article
Authors Daniela Castro
Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
Lena Mårtensson
Published in Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume 23
Issue 6
Pages 425-436
ISSN 1103-8128
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation
Centre for Ageing and Health (Agecap)
Pages 425-436
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3109/11038128.2016.11...
Keywords Cultural characteristics, Cultural diversity, professional practice, qualitative research, South America
Subject categories Occupational Therapy

Abstract

Background Although occupational therapy has begun to focus on the subject of culture, few studies have examined how occupational therapists outside the English-speaking countries reflect on it. Aim To explore how Chilean occupational therapists reflect on their personal and professional experiences in regard to the complexity of culture, and its different understandings and expressions. Methods This qualitative study uses content analysis to establish common trends in participants’ experiences. A validation phase and data triangulation were implemented to ensure trustworthiness. Results Culture is experienced as a continuous negotiation in personal and professional terms. One central theme, ‘negotiating through the dynamism of culture’, and three categories, ‘dealing with power’, ‘understanding local and global identities’, and ‘crossing the boundaries into the client’s land’, emerged. These experiences are complex, chaotic, and highly context-dependent. Discussion During therapeutic encounters, practitioners and clients may experience cultural barriers even if their differences are not obvious in cultural terms. As a result of this finding, we recommend the inclusion of culture and cultural issues in professional training. The impact of a multicultural research team is discussed. Future research should explore how the construct of culture is introduced in occupational therapy professional training in Chile.

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http://gu.se/english/research/publication/?publicationId=232762
Utskriftsdatum: 2020-04-01