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Frequency-dependent inversion of net striatal output by endocannabinoid-dependent plasticity at different synaptic inputs.

Journal article
Authors Louise Adermark
David M Lovinger
Published in The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume 29
Issue 5
Pages 1375-80
ISSN 1529-2401
Publication year 2009
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Pages 1375-80
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3842-0...
Keywords Animals, Corpus Striatum, physiology, Endocannabinoids, physiology, Long-Term Synaptic Depression, physiology, Nerve Net, physiology, Neuronal Plasticity, physiology, Rats, Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1, physiology, Synapses, physiology, Synaptic Potentials, physiology
Subject categories Neurophysiology

Abstract

Understanding how striatal neurons integrate glutamatergic and GABAergic inputs is essential for understanding the control of movement and the formation of striatal-based memories. Here we show that GABAergic synapses on striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs) are more sensitive than glutamatergic synapses on the same cells to endocannabinoid (eCB) signaling, and that protocols that induce short-lasting cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB(1)R)-dependent depression at glutamatergic synapses are sufficient to induce long-term depression (LTD) at GABAergic synapses. We also show that the frequency and duration of glutamatergic input are strong determinants of the net effect of eCB signaling, and key factors in determining if LTD has a net disinhibitory or inhibitory action in striatum. Plastic changes in net output from striatal MSNs are thus a complex function of disinhibitory and inhibitory LTD combined with other forms of synaptic plasticity such as long-term potentiation at excitatory synapses.

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