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Symptom reporting and self-rated health among women in mid-life: the role of work characteristics and family responsibilities.

Journal article
Authors Christin Mellner
Gunilla Krantz
Ulf Lundberg
Published in International journal of behavioral medicine
Volume 13
Issue 1
Pages 1-7
ISSN 1070-5503
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Pages 1-7
Language en
Keywords Employment, psychology, Family Characteristics, Female, Health Status Indicators, Housekeeping, Humans, Marital Status, Middle Aged, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological, epidemiology, Sweden, epidemiology, Women's Health
Subject categories Public health medicine research areas


This study investigated how socioeconomic factors and psychosocial conditions are related to self-reported health among 43-year-old women representing the general Swedish population (N = 569). Odds ratios and multiple logistic regression analyses were used for associations and effect modification, adjusted for symptom reporting in adolescence. Poor self-reported health was predicted by low income, financial worries, and job strain, as well as combined exposure to a high level of unpaid household work and job strain (double burden). In conclusion, poor psychosocial conditions related to working life, as well as to the combined impact of paid and unpaid work were revealed to be risk factors for poor self-reported health among middle-aged women. These results highlight the need for improving women's work conditions, as well as designing family policies that promote a better sharing of unpaid household tasks and responsibilities between spouses.

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