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Proton Conductivity in Mixed B-Site Doped Perovskite Oxide BaZr[sub 0.5]In[sub 0.25]Yb[sub 0.25]O[sub 3 - delta]

Journal article
Authors Istaq Ahmed
Francis G. Kinyanjui
Seikh Rahman
Patrick Steegstra
Sten G. Eriksson
Elisabet Ahlberg
Published in Journal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume 157
Issue 12
Pages B1819-B1824
ISSN 0013-4651
Publication year 2010
Published at Department of Chemistry
Pages B1819-B1824
Language en
Keywords barium compounds, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, thermal analysis, vacancies (crystal), X-ray diffraction, zirconium compounds
Subject categories Functional materials, Chemical Sciences


A wet chemical route was used to prepare the oxygen deficient codoped perovskite oxide BaZr0.5In0.25Yb0.25O3−. Analysis of X-ray powder diffraction data showed that the sample belongs to the cubic crystal system with space group Pmm. Dynamic thermogravimetric (TG) analysis confirmed complete filling of oxygen vacancies (V) by protonic defects (OH) during the hydration process. The proton conductivity was investigated by impedance spectroscopy. The bulk and total conductivities of prehydrated BaZr0.5In0.25Yb0.25O3− were found to be 8.5×10−4 and 2.2×10−5 S cm−1, respectively, at 300°C. The total conductivity in the codoped perovskite oxide was higher compared to that of the respective single doped perovskite oxides with the same doping level. The bulk and grain-boundary mobility and diffusion coefficients of protons were calculated at 200°C using impedance and TG data to obtain the conductivity and proton concentration, respectively. The high bulk diffusivity (2.3×10−7 cm2 s−1) was obtained which indicates that the protons are more free to move in the heavily doped matrix compared to the lightly doped systems where trapping of protons occurs.

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