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Victim blame attributions at more than two relationship-levels between rape victims and offenders: A literature review.

Chapter in book
Authors Helen Alfredsson
Published in In G.H. Gudjonsson, A. K. Newton, & J. F. Sigurdsson (Eds). Perceptions: Victims, Offenders, and Witnesses
Pages 71-78
Publisher University of Gothenburg
Place of publication Göteborg
Publication year 2011
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 71-78
Language en
Keywords rape victim, blame attribution, relationship-levels
Subject categories Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified


Research of rape blame attribution has often studied victim-offender relationship in dichotomy (e.g. stranger vs. date rape). In reality, several levels of familiarity exist between victims and offenders. Current article reviews research of victim blame attribution that has included more than two relationship-levels. Further selection criteria were usage of vignette methodology and gender as independent variable. Unanimously, stranger rape victims were blamed the least and any higher relationship-level was associated to more blame. It was not possible to conclude which relationship-level alone generated most victim blame due to non-corresponding results, disaccording relationship-levels and rape descriptions. Future research challenges are discussed.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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