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Models of teamwork – ideal or not? A critical study of theoretical team models.

Journal article
Authors Johan Berlin
Eric Carlström
Håkan Sandberg
Published in Team Performance Management
Volume 18
Issue 5
Pages 328-340
ISSN 1352-7592
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Pages 328-340
Language en
Links ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1108/1352759121...
Subject categories Economics and Business, Sociology, Other Social Sciences

Abstract

Purpose – There is a tendency in team research to employ concepts of stepwise models, reaching from the primitive to the excellent, to suggest that a higher level of evolution is better than the basic and simple. This tendency includes typologies of teams. This article aims to question the relevance of this view. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected in three steps. In the first step, articles and books analyzing teams and teamwork from stepwise analytical models were collected. In the second step the collected data were classified into different themes. Each stepwise model was classified into one essential denomination. This classification resulted in eight themes. In the third step each theme was analyzed, which led to the fusion of some of the themes. Findings – The conclusion is that a synchronous, complementary or mature team is not necessarily optimal. Contrary to this, a differentiated, sequential or multi team approach can be optimal for some purposes. Team research needs to establish a more open, inductive and critical attitude than at present. Originality/value – The paper highlights the need to observe and use team theories in a balanced and critical way.

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