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Stroke and coronary heart disease: predictive power of standard risk factors into old age-long-term cumulative risk study among men in Gothenburg, Sweden

Journal article
Authors Kok Wai Giang
Lena Björck
Masuma Novak
Georg Lappas
Lars Wilhelmsen
Kjell Torén
Annika Rosengren
Published in European Heart Journal
Volume 34
Issue 14
Pages 1068-1074
ISSN 0195-668X
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 1068-1074
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehs458
Keywords Score models, Stroke, CHD, Risk prediction, Risk factors, diastolic blood-pressure, hemorrhagic stroke, primary prevention, cardiovascular-disease, myocardial-infarction, vascular mortality, individual data, follow-up, cholesterol, countries
Subject categories Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Abstract

Aims The aim of this study was to examine the short-term and long-term cumulative risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke separately based on age, sex, smoking status, systolic blood pressure, and total serum cholesterol. Methods and results The Primary Prevention Study comprising 7174 men aged between 47 and 55 free from a previous history of CHD, stroke, and diabetes at baseline examination (1970–73) was followed up for 35 years. To estimate the cumulative effect of CHD and stroke, all participants were stratified into one of five risk groups, defined by their number of risk factors. The estimated 10-year risk for high-risk individuals when adjusted for age and competing risk was 18.1% for CHD and 3.2% for stroke which increased to 47.8 and 19.6%, respectively, after 35 years. The estimates based on risk factors performed well throughout the period for CHD but less well for stroke. Conclusion The prediction of traditional risk factors (systolic blood pressure, total serum cholesterol, and smoking status) on short-term risk (0–10 years) and long-term risk (0–35 years) of CHD of stroke differs substantially. This indicates that the cumulative risk in middle-aged men based on these traditional risk factors can effectively be used to predict CHD but not stroke to the same extent.

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