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Dopaminergic Regulation of Striatal Interneurons in Reward and Addiction: Focus on Alcohol

Review article
Authors Rhona B. C. Clarke
Louise Adermark
Published in Neural Plasticity
Pages Article Number: 814567
ISSN 2090-5904
Publication year 2015
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Pages Article Number: 814567
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/814567
Keywords FAST-SPIKING INTERNEURONS, RAT NUCLEUS-ACCUMBENS, VENTRAL TEGMENTAL, AREA, SENSITIVE GLYCINE RECEPTORS, VOLUNTARY ETHANOL INTAKE, FREELY, MOVING RATS, PARVALBUMIN-IMMUNOREACTIVE NEURONS, GIANT ASPINY, INTERNEURONS, MEDIUM SPINY NEURONS, CHOLINERGIC INTERNEURONS, Neurosciences, ATES OF AMERICA, V109, PE2717, RFEN CR, 1992, TRENDS IN NEUROSCIENCES, V15, P133
Subject categories Neurosciences

Abstract

Corticobasal ganglia networks coursing through the striatum are key structures for reward-guided behaviors. The ventral striatum (nucleus accumbens (nAc)) and its reciprocal connection with the ventral tegmental area (VTA) represent a primary component of the reward system, but reward-guided learning also involves the dorsal striatum and dopaminergic inputs from the substantia nigra. The majority of neurons in the striatum(>90%) are GABAergic medium spiny neurons (MSNs), but both the input to and the output from these neurons are dynamically controlled by striatal interneurons. Dopamine is a key neurotransmitter in reward and reward-guided learning, and the physiological activity of GABAergic and cholinergic interneurons is regulated by dopaminergic transmission in a complex manner. Here we review the role of striatal interneurons in modulating striatal output during drug reward, with special emphasis on alcohol.

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