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Education in Disaster Management: What Do We Offer and What Do We Need? Proposing a New Global Program.

Journal article
Authors Amir Khorram-Manesh
O Lupesco
T Friedl
G von Arnim
K Kaptan
AR Djalali
M Foletti
PL Ingrazia
M Ashkenazi
C Arculeo
P Fischer
B Hreckovski
R Komadina
S Voight
Eric Carlström
J James
Published in Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Volume 10
Issue 6
Pages 854-873
ISSN 1935-7893
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Pages 854-873
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2016.88
Keywords ´disaster management, ´education, ´public health, ´simulation
Subject categories Surgery, Traumatology, Disaster medicine

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Although there is a significant willingness to respond to disasters, a review of post-event reports following incidents shows troubling repeated patterns with poorly integrated response activities and response managers inadequately trained for the requirements of disasters. This calls for a new overall approach in disaster management. METHODS: An in-depth review of the education and training opportunities available to responders and disaster managers has been undertaken, as well as an extensive review of the educational competencies and their parent domains identified by subject matter experts as necessary for competent performance. RESULTS: Seven domains of competency and competencies that should be mastered by disaster mangers were identified. This set of domains and individual competencies was utilized to define a new and evolving curriculum. In order to evaluate and assess the mastery of each competency, objectives were more widely defined as activities under specific topics, as the measurable elements of the curriculum, for each managerial level. CONCLUSIONS: This program enables interagency cooperation and collaboration and could be used to increase and improve decision-makers' understanding of disaster managers' capabilities; at the strategic/tactical level to promote the knowledge and capability of the disaster managers themselves; and as continuing education or further career development for disaster managers at the operational level. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 20).

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