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Annotating public fungal ITS sequences from the built environment according to the MIxS-Built Environment standard – a report from a May 23-24, 2016 workshop (Gothenburg, Sweden)

Journal article
Authors Kessy Abarenkov
Rachel I. Adams
Irinyi Laszlo
Ahto Agan
Elia Ambrosio
Alexandre Antonelli
Mohammad Bahram
Johan Bengtsson-Palme
Gunilla Bok
Patrik Cangren
Victor R. M. Coimbra
Claudia Coleine
Claes G. R. Gustafsson
Jinhong He
Tobias Hofmann
Erik Kristiansson
Ellen Larsson
Tomas Larsson
Yingkui Liu
Svante Martinsson
Wieland Meyer
Marina Panova
Nuttapon Pombubpa
Camila Ritter
Martin Ryberg
Sten Svantesson
Ruud Scharn
Ola Svensson
Mats H. Töpel
Martin Unterseher
Cobus Visagie
Christian Wurzbacher
Andy F.S. Taylor
Urmas Kõljalg
Lynn Schriml
R. Henrik Nilsson
Published in MycoKeys
Volume 16
Pages 1-15
ISSN 1314-4057
Publication year 2016
Published at Department of Mathematical Sciences
Department of marine sciences
Department of Earth Sciences
Linnaeus Centre for Marine Evolutionary Biology (CEMEB)
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
Pages 1-15
Language en
Keywords Built environment, Indoor fungi, ITS, Annotation, Mycobiome
Subject categories Databases, Data processing, Information processing, Bioinformatics (Computational Biology), Immunology, Microbiology, Botany, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, Terrestrial ecology, Biological Systematics, Evolutionary Biology, Construction Management, Microbiology in the medical area, Environmental medicine


Recent molecular studies have identified substantial fungal diversity in indoor environments. Fungi and fungal particles have been linked to a range of potentially unwanted effects in the built environment, including asthma, decay of building materials, and food spoilage. The study of the built mycobiome is hampered by a number of constraints, one of which is the poor state of the metadata annotation of fungal DNA sequences from the built environment in public databases. In order to enable precise interrogation of such data – for example, “retrieve all fungal sequences recovered from bathrooms” – a workshop was organized at the University of Gothenburg (May 23-24, 2016) to annotate public fungal barcode (ITS) sequences according to the MIxS-Built Environment annotation standard ( The 36 participants assembled a total of 45,488 data points from the published literature, including the addition of 8,430 instances of countries of collection from a total of 83 countries, 5,801 instances of building types, and 3,876 instances of surface-air contaminants. The results were implemented in the UNITE database for molecular identification of fungi ( and were shared with other online resources. Data obtained from human/animal pathogenic fungi will furthermore be verified on culture based metadata for subsequent inclusion in the ISHAM-ITS database (

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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