To the top

Page Manager: Webmaster
Last update: 9/11/2012 3:13 PM

Tell a friend about this page
Print version

Whole Genome Sequencing o… - University of Gothenburg, Sweden Till startsida
Sitemap
To content Read more about how we use cookies on gu.se

Whole Genome Sequencing of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli

Doctoral thesis
Authors Astrid von Mentzer
Date of public defense 2016-05-27
ISBN 978-91-628-9800-7
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Language en
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/41845
Keywords ETEC, whole genome sequencing, evolution, colonization factor, reverse genetics
Subject categories Clinical Medicine, Biological Sciences

Abstract

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infections are a common cause of diarrhea but little is known about the evolution and genomic composition of ETEC. The main aim of this thesis was to generate a large collection of whole genome sequenced ETEC isolates to study the evolution of such bacteria on a global level and to search for novel colonization factors (CFs) using both classical and cutting-edge genomic techniques. Using whole genome sequencing and epidemiological data of 362 human ETEC isolates collected during three decades from all over the world, we studied the population structure of ETEC. We could show that major ETEC lineages comprising isolates with specific virulence profiles, i.e. CFs and LT and/or ST toxins, are stable and spread worldwide. These findings suggest that the virulence genes have been acquired once and then spread through clonal expansion and that a vaccine based on the most prevalent CFs could be protective against a large proportion of ETEC diarrhea cases. At least 30% of all clinical ETEC isolates lack a known CF. Therefore, we examined whole genome sequences of 94 “CF negative” isolates with the aim to identify novel CFs using two different approaches. I) By comparative genomics we have characterized a novel CF, CS30, which is related to the porcine CF 987P (F6). The major subunit of CS30 is 18.5 kD in size and the assembly of the fimbriae is dependent on its expression. CS30-positive bacteria are heavily fimbriated, as shown by electron microscopy, which promotes binding to human intestinal (Caco-2) cells. Furthermore, CS30 expression is thermo-regulated. II) By means of phenotypic analyses (SDS-PAGE, Caco-2 adhesion assays and electron microscopy) we have identified a number of isolates that may harbor additional putative fimbrial and non-fimbrial novel CFs. Nine candidate isolates with putative novel CFs were identified from 35 isolates: these were shown to express thermo-regulated proteins of 12-25 kD by SDS-PAGE analyses indicating the presence of major subunits and these isolates were found to bind well to Caco-2 cells. Based on further analyses of these isolates, using comparative genomics to identify CF related genes/operons, four AFA/Dr/AAF-like operons and an operon related to the porcine CF K88, were identified. The findings in this thesis have improved the knowledge of ETEC genomics and will provide a basis for future studies of ETEC transmission and pathogenicity. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infections are a common cause of diarrhea but little is known about the evolution and genomic composition of ETEC. The main aim of this thesis was to generate a large collection of whole genome sequenced ETEC isolates to study the evolution of such bacteria on a global level and to search for novel colonization factors (CFs) using both classical and cutting-edge genomic techniques. Using whole genome sequencing and epidemiological data of 362 human ETEC isolates collected during three decades from all over the world, we studied the population structure of ETEC. We could show that major ETEC lineages comprising isolates with specific virulence profiles, i.e. CFs and LT and/or ST toxins, are stable and spread worldwide. These findings suggest that the virulence genes have been acquired once and then spread through clonal expansion and that a vaccine based on the most prevalent CFs could be protective against a large proportion of ETEC diarrhea cases. At least 30% of all clinical ETEC isolates lack a known CF. Therefore, we examined whole genome sequences of 94 “CF negative” isolates with the aim to identify novel CFs using two different approaches. I) By comparative genomics we have characterized a novel CF, CS30, which is related to the porcine CF 987P (F6). The major subunit of CS30 is 18.5 kD in size and the assembly of the fimbriae is dependent on its expression. CS30-positive bacteria are heavily fimbriated, as shown by electron microscopy, which promotes binding to human intestinal (Caco-2) cells. Furthermore, CS30 expression is thermo-regulated. II) By means of phenotypic analyses (SDS-PAGE, Caco-2 adhesion assays and electron microscopy) we have identified a number of isolates that may harbor additional putative fimbrial and non-fimbrial novel CFs. Nine candidate isolates with putative novel CFs were identified from 35 isolates: these were shown to express thermo-regulated proteins of 12-25 kD by SDS-PAGE analyses indicating the presence of major subunits and these isolates were found to bind well to Caco-2 cells. Based on further analyses of these isolates, using comparative genomics to identify CF related genes/operons, four AFA/Dr/AAF-like operons and an operon related to the porcine CF K88, were identified. The findings in this thesis have improved the knowledge of ETEC genomics and will provide a basis for future studies of ETEC transmission and pathogenicity.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
Share:

The University of Gothenburg uses cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience. By continuing on this website, you approve of our use of cookies.  What are cookies?