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Has Forest Certification Reduced Forest Degradation in Sweden?

Journal article
Authors Laura Villalobos
Jessica Coria
Anna Nordén
Published in Land Economics
Volume 94
Issue 2
Pages 220-238
ISSN 0023-7639
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Economics, Environmental Economics Unit
Centre for Environment and Sustainability
Pages 220-238
Language en
Links https://muse.jhu.edu/article/690445
Keywords forest certification, impact evaluation, sustainable forest management, FSC, PEFC
Subject categories Economics

Abstract

This paper estimates the effects of certification of non-industrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden – one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.This paper estimates the effects of certification of non-industrial private forest owners on forest degradation in Sweden – one of the countries with the largest total area of certified forests. We rely on official forest inventory data, information on certification status, and impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three key environmental outcomes. We find that certification has not halted forest degradation in that it has not improved any of the environmental outcomes. Moreover, for forest certification to have an effect, the standards should be tightened and the monitoring and enforcement of forest certification schemes strengthened.

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