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Productive Collocation Knowledge at Advanced CEFR Levels: Evidence from the Development of a Test for Advanced L2 French

Journal article
Authors Fanny Forsberg Lundell
Christina Lindqvist
Amanda Edmonds
Published in Canadian modern language review
Volume 74
Issue 4
Pages 627-649
ISSN 0008-4506
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages 627-649
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.2017-0...
Keywords CEFR, collocations, L2 French, productive knowledge, testing
Subject categories Romance languages

Abstract

The present study investigates the relationship between productive collocation knowledge and advanced levels on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) scale. More precisely, the potential progression between the B2 and C1 levels of the CEFR is studied through the development of a productive collocation test in second language (L2) French. The test targets frequent verb–noun collocations in written L2 French, identified using the database Les Voisins de Le Monde. Three different pilot studies are presented, with both native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (NNSs) of French (with different first languages), for a total of 152 participants. The test is validated through a general proficiency test and through a test of reliability. The final testing session, carried out with 47 NNSs of French, yielded a test with a total of 30 items, which showed significantly different results for the B2 and the C1 levels. In addition to constituting a useful tool in language assessment, this study confirms the key place of productive collocation knowledge at high levels of L2 proficiency.

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