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Qanat groundwater infrastructures and sustainability in arid regions

Conference paper
Authors Rebeca Hernández Gomis
Rodney Stevens
Isak Haidari
Abdul Hassan Lashkaryee
Sayed Ali Mortazavi
Published in 18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2018
ISBN 978-619-7408-72-0
ISSN 1314-2704
Publisher STEF92 Technology Ltd.
Place of publication Sofia, Bulgaria
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Language en
Keywords qanat, karez, groundwater, water resources, arid regions, rural water supply
Subject categories Environmental Sciences, Geosciences, Multidisciplinary, Endogenous earth sciences


Qanats (or karez) are ancient, sub-horizontal, underground water tunnels that have served over centuries as main water-supply systems in arid and semi-arid regions, in particular in the Middle East and North Africa. As part of a knowledge exchange program and with the participation of young Afghan refugees, analyses of Google Earth satellite imagery in three study areas in southeaster Afghanistan allowed the location of hundreds of qanats. The main aim of this study was to test the use of alluvial-fan qanats to derive groundwater elevations based on the depth of the Mother Well (located highest on the fan slope).

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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