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Proline 411 biases the conformation of the intrinsically disordered plant UVR8 photoreceptor C27 domain altering the functional properties of the peptide

Journal article
Authors Min Wu
Daniel Farkas
Leif A Eriksson
A. Strid
Published in Scientific Reports
Volume 9
ISSN 2045-2322
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
Language en
Keywords b-induced photomorphogenesis, protein secondary structure, stress, acclimation, gene-expression, dynamics, cop1, identification, transcription, simulations, perception, Science & Technology - Other Topics, ates of america, v107, p20132, laglio f, 1995, journal of biomolecular nmr, v6, p277
Subject categories Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Molecular biology


UVR8 (UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8) is a UV-B photoreceptor responsible for initiating UV-B signalling in plants. UVR8 is a homodimer in its signalling inactive form. Upon absorption of UV radiation, the protein monomerizes into its photoactivated state. In the monomeric form, UVR8 binds the E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1 (CONSTITUTIVELY PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1), triggering subsequent UV-B-dependent photomorphogenic development in plants. Recent in vivo experiments have shown that the UVR8 C-terminal region (aa 397-423; UVR8(C27)) alone is sufficient to regulate the activity of COP1. In this work, CD spectroscopy and NMR experiments showed that the UVR8(C27) domain was non-structured but gained secondary structure at higher temperatures leading to increased order. Bias-exchange metadynamics simulations were also performed to evaluate the free energy landscape of UVR8(C27). An inverted free energy landscape was revealed, with a disordered structure in the global energy minimum. Flanking the global energy minimum, more structured states were found at higher energies. Furthermore, stabilization of the low energy disordered state was attributed to a proline residue, P411, as evident from P411A mutant data. P411 is also a key residue in UVR8 binding to COP1. UVR8(C27) is therefore structurally competent to function as a molecular switch for interaction of UVR8 with different binding partners since at higher free energies different structural conformations are being induced in this peptide. P411 has a key role for this function.

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