To the top

Page Manager: Webmaster
Last update: 9/11/2012 3:13 PM

Tell a friend about this page
Print version

Radiocarbon dates and Bay… - University of Gothenburg, Sweden Till startsida
Sitemap
To content Read more about how we use cookies on gu.se

Radiocarbon dates and Bayesian modeling support maritime diffusion model for megaliths in Europe

Journal article
Authors Bettina Schulz Paulsson
Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume 116
Issue 9
Pages 3460-3465
ISSN 0027-8424
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Historical Studies
Pages 3460-3465
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1813268116
Keywords megaliths, mobility, radiocarbon dates, Bayesian analysis, megalithic seafaring
Subject categories Archaeology

Abstract

There are two competing hypotheses for the origin of megaliths in Europe. The conventional view from the late 19th and early 20th centuries was of a single-source diffusion of megaliths in Europe from the Near East through the Mediterranean and along the Atlantic coast. Following early radiocarbon dating in the 1970s, an alternative hypothesis arose of regional independent developments in Europe. This model has dominated megalith research until today. We applied a Bayesian statistical approach to 2,410 currently available radiocarbon results from megalithic, partly premegalithic, and contemporaneous nonmegalithic contexts in Europe to resolve this long-standing debate. The radiocarbon results suggest that megalithic graves emerged within a brief time interval of 200 y to 300 y in the second half of the fifth millennium calibrated years BC in northwest France, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic coast of Iberia. We found decisive support for the spread of megaliths along the sea route in three main phases. Thus, a maritime diffusion model is the most likely explanation of their expansion.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
Share:

The University of Gothenburg uses cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience. By continuing on this website, you approve of our use of cookies.  What are cookies?