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Prevalence of precancerous cervical lesions in women attending Mezam Polyclinic Bamenda, Cameroon

Journal article
Authors Ngwayu Claude Nkfusai
Minette Mubah Tchakounte
Brenda Mbouamba Yankam
Tabe Armstrong Tambe
Samuel Nambile Cumber
Published in Pan African Medical Journal
Volume 32
Issue 174
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Links www.panafrican-med-journal.com/cont...
Keywords Precancerous lesion, cervix, age, screening, Mezam polyclinic
Subject categories Health Sciences, Basic Medicine, Other Medical Sciences

Abstract

Introduction: precancerous cervical lesion is significantly a health problem globally. Thus, screening targeting women between the ages of 17-60 is being undertaken in developing countries, including Cameroon. Over 50% (7.8 per 100,000) women die of cervical cancer every year. This study was to detertemine the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion, the age demography and access the risk factor. Methods: a hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 09th to October 17th 2017. A total of 60 women participated, and were screened for precancerous cervical lesion. Data were collected by using a questionnaire. Visual inspection with acetic acid and visual inspection with Lugol’s iodine was applied for the screening. SPSS version 16.0 was used for data entry and analysis. Logistic regression analysis was fitted and odds ratios with 95% Confidence intervals and p-values were computed to identify factors associated with precancerous cervical cancer lesion. Results: out of 60 study participants, 2(3.33%) were found to be positive for precancerous cervical cancer lesion. Conclusion: the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion in women that consulted at the Mezam Polyclinic is high.

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