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The integration of RoRo shipping in sustainable intermodal transport chains: the case of a North European RoRo service

Journal article
Authors Anastasia Christodoulou
Zeeshan Raza
Johan Woxenius
Published in Sustainability
Volume 11
Issue 8
Pages 1-17
ISSN 2071-1050
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Business Administration, Industrial and Financial Management & Logistics
Centre for Environment and Sustainability
Northern LEAD
Pages 1-17
Language en
Keywords RoRo shipping intermodal transport Northern Europe forest industry
Subject categories Business Administration, Transport Systems and Logistics


Roll on–roll off (RoRo) shipping represents a maritime segment that could easily form part of an intermodal transport system, as cargo does not need to be lifted in ports; it is ‘rolled’ to and from sea. This paper investigates the operation of RoRo shipping services in Northern Europe, focusing on a set of services chartered by a major shipper whose demand has a great impact on the service design, potentially affecting the frequency of departures and even stipulating the use of specific vessels. The case of cooperation between Stora Enso, a major forest company in Sweden and Finland, and the shipping company Swedish Orient Line (SOL) is analysed, giving some insight into the way these RoRo services operate and manage to integrate successfully into sustainable intermodal transport chains. Despite various initiatives taken by different stakeholders, the level of integration of shipping in intermodal transport chains has been quite slow. This paper’s results could contribute to the identification of barriers that prevent RoRo shipping from being a viable alternative to road transport for certain transport routes and assist in the discovery of policies and incentives that could lead to developing sustainable intermodal transport chains.

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