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Victimization Devices: Exploring Challenges Facing Litigation-Based Transnational Environmental Justice

Journal article
Authors Sebastián Ureta
Patricio Flores
Linda Soneryd
Published in Social and Legal Studies
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 161-182
ISSN 0964-6639
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Sociology and Work Science
Pages 161-182
Language en
Keywords Arica Victims, toxic harm, transnational litigation, victimisation devices, waste
Subject categories Other Humanities, Sociology


© The Author(s) 2019. With the emergence of global mechanism for toxic harm accountability, a transnational environmental justice regime is slowly rising. One of the ways in which its taking form is through transnational litigation schemes where corporations are being locally sued by the alleged victims of their overseas misbehaviours. Using a science and technology studies approach, this article deals with one of the most central components of those schemes: victimization devices. Such concept refers to the highly varied sociotechnical assemblages through which claims about toxic victimhood are mobilized in litigation-based schemes, usually including components such as toxicological evidence and testimonies from the affected people. In order to explore the complexities involved in transnationally mobilizing these devices, this article analyses the lawsuit presented in Sweden by inhabitants of Arica, Chile, against the local mining corporation Boliden for its alleged responsibility in dumping toxic waste near their homes in the late 1980s.

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