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Results and lessons learned from the Promoting Aging Migrants´ Capabilities program: methodological opportunities and challenges

Conference contribution
Authors Emmelie Barenfeld
Published in Oral presentation IAAG-ER, May 24th 2019, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation
University of Gothenburg Centre for person-centred care (GPCC)
Centre for Ageing and Health (Agecap)
Language en
Links https://iagger2019.se/
Subject categories Health Sciences, Occupational Therapy

Abstract

Introduction: People aging in the context of migration might face both age related decline in bodily functions and migration related challenges associated with environmental factors necessary to maintain health. Additionally, language barriers and old age are common reasons for excluding people from participating in research. Thus, evidence in the area of health-promotion aimed to maintain everyday activities is scarce. Objectives: In the context of a researcher-community partnership the aim of this thesis was to explore how to support the development and realizing of an adapted health-promotion program its benefit, and impact for older people aging in the context of migration. Methods: Different research methods were combined (one case study, two grounded theory studies and one randomized controlled trial). The studied sample comprised of people aged ≥70 years who have migrated to Sweden from Finland or Western Balkan, health personnel, policymakers and researchers. Data collection were performed by; Focus group discussions, individual interviews, document review and by using a questionnaire. A bilingual approach to data collection was applied. Results: Working in partnership supported implementation of an inter-professional group-intervention with a person-centered approach and contributed solutions to bridge language barriers. Findings showed how program content and design contributed to experienced benefits such as raised awareness and supported health decision-making. No statistically significant effect was demonstrated on activities of daily living or self-rated health. Conclusion: Different findings regarding program evaluation were drawn from qualitative and quantitative studies. The program bridged barriers to health-promotion and contributed to benefits in everyday life. Further studies are needed regarding the effect of the health-promotion program. The thesis highlighted methodological challenges and opportunities for research with and about the target population.

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