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The morbidity associated with a TURP procedure in routine clinical practice, as graded by the modified Clavien-Dindo system

Journal article
Authors Erik Sagen
R. O. Namnuan
Hans Hedelin
O. Nelzen
Ralph Peeker
Published in Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Volume 53
Issue 4
Pages 240-245
ISSN 2168-1805
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Urology
Pages 240-245
Language en
Keywords TURP, complications, Clavien-Dindo, transurethral resection, surgical-procedures, eau guidelines, prostate, turp, follow-up, complications, multicenter, management, mortality, classification, Urology & Nephrology
Subject categories Urology and Nephrology, Surgery


Background: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is considered the reference surgical method of treating benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) causing obstruction. The procedure still carries a significant risk of perioperative morbidity according to previous reports. The aim of the present study was to disclose complications after TURP undertaken in routine clinical practice at a non-academic center. Methods: All patients with BPE submitted to TURP from January 2010 to December 2012 were evaluated for complications occurring during hospital stay, after discharge up to the end of the third post-operative month and finally for any late endourological re-interventions undertaken up to five years after TURP. All complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo system. Results: In total, 354 men underwent a TURP during the study period. In total, 47% had pre-operative urinary retention. Significant co-morbidity was seen in 17% of men (ASA III-IV). Spinal anaesthesia was applied to 312 men (88%). During hospital stay, major complications, graded as Clavien-Dindo >= III, was seen in only eight men (2.3%). Minor complications occurred in 91 men (26%). Between hospital discharge and follow-up visit major complications were noted in 12 men (3.4%). Minor complications occurred in 79 men (22%). The only factor that was associated with an increased risk of a major complication was general anaesthesia. Late complications, requiring an endourological re-intervention, occurred in 30 men (9.7%). Conclusion: TUR-P in routine clinical practice was associated with a low incidence of severe complications. TUR syndrome was very rare. Within five years a small proportion of men require the transurethral intervention to be redone.

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