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Nordic clinical guidelines for orthotic treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: A systematic review using the AGREE II instrument

Journal article
Authors Gustav Jarl
Ulla Hellstrand Tang
Erika Nordén
Anton Johannesson
David Francis Rusaw
Published in Prosthetics and Orthotics International
ISSN 03093646
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedics
Language en
Keywords braces, orthosis, Orthotic device, practice guidelines
Subject categories Clinical Medicine


© The International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics 2019. Background: High-quality clinical practice guidelines are necessary for effective use of resources both at an individual patient- and national-level. Nordic clinical practice guidelines recommendations for orthotic treatment of knee osteoarthritis vary and little is known about their quality. Objectives: The aim of the study was to critically evaluate the quality of clinical practice guidelines in orthotic management of knee osteoarthritis in the Nordic countries. Study Design: Systematic review. Methods: Four national clinical practice guidelines for treatment of knee osteoarthritis were assessed for methodological rigour and transparency by four independent assessors using the AGREE II instrument. Summary domain scores and inter-rater agreement (Kendall’s W) were calculated. Results: Domain scores indicate that many guidelines have not sufficiently addressed stakeholder involvement (average score: 55%), applicability (20%) and editorial independence (33%) in the development process. Inter-rater agreement for assessors indicated ‘good’ agreement for clinical practice guidelines from Finland, Norway and Sweden (W = 0.653, p < 0.001; W = 0.512, p = 0.003 and W = 0.532, p = 0.002, respectively) and ‘strong’ agreement for the clinical practice guideline from Denmark (W = 0.800, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Quality of clinical practice guidelines for orthotic treatment of knee osteoarthritis in the Nordic region is variable. Future guideline development should focus on improving methodology by involving relevant stakeholders (e.g. certified prosthetist/orthotists (CPOs)), specifying conflicts of interest and providing guidance for implementation. Clinical relevance: The current review suggests that, for the Nordic region, there are areas of improvement which can be addressed, which ensure clinical practice guidelines are developed under stringent conditions and based on sound methods. These improvements would ensure knee osteoarthritis patients are receiving orthotic interventions based on appropriate guidance from published guidelines.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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