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Ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, climate change and prospects for a sustainable future

Review article
Authors Paul W. Barnes
Craig E. Williamson
Robyn M. Lucas
Sharon A. Robinson
Sasha Madronich
Nigel D. Paul
Janet F. Bornman
Alkiviadis F. Bais
Barbara Sulzberger
Stephen R. Wilson
Anthony L. Andrady
Richard L. McKenzie
Patrick J. Neale
Amy T. Austin
Germar H. Bernhard
Keith R. Solomon
Rachel E. Neale
Paul J. Young
Mary Norval
Lesley E. Rhodes
Samuel Hylander
Kevin C. Rose
Janice Longstreth
Pieter J. Aucamp
Carlos L. Ballaré
Rose M. Cory
Stephan D. Flint
Frank R. de Gruijl
Donat P. Häder
Anu M. Heikkilä
Marcel A.K. Jansen
Krishna K. Pandey
T. Matthew Robson
Craig A. Sinclair
Sten-Åke Wängberg
Robert C. Worrest
Seyhan Yazar
Antony R. Young
Richard G. Zepp
Published in Nature Sustainability
Volume 2
Pages 569-579
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of marine sciences
Pages 569-579
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-...
Subject categories Terrestrial ecology, Freshwater ecology, Marine ecology, Climate Research, Environmental Sciences, Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources, Other Chemistry Topics, Health Sciences

Abstract

© 2019, Springer Nature Limited. Changes in stratospheric ozone and climate over the past 40-plus years have altered the solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation conditions at the Earth’s surface. Ozone depletion has also contributed to climate change across the Southern Hemisphere. These changes are interacting in complex ways to affect human health, food and water security, and ecosystem services. Many adverse effects of high UV exposure have been avoided thanks to the Montreal Protocol with its Amendments and Adjustments, which have effectively controlled the production and use of ozone-depleting substances. This international treaty has also played an important role in mitigating climate change. Climate change is modifying UV exposure and affecting how people and ecosystems respond to UV; these effects will become more pronounced in the future. The interactions between stratospheric ozone, climate and UV radiation will therefore shift over time; however, the Montreal Protocol will continue to have far-reaching benefits for human well-being and environmental sustainability.

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