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HIV prevalence variations in mining communities in Ghana

Journal article
Authors R. Osei-Yeboah
Miranda Adedze
R. Bannor
E. T. Opoku
P. Akweongo
Published in Journal of Hiv-Aids & Social Services
Volume 18
Issue 2
Pages 129-145
ISSN 1538-1501
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Public Health Epidemiology Unit
Pages 129-145
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/15381501.2019.15...
Keywords HIV prevalence, migration, mining communities, public health, variation, infection, africa, women, risk, Social Work
Subject categories Infectious Medicine

Abstract

This paper aimed at providing evidence on the variations in HIV prevalence in mining communities in Ghana. Purposive sampling was used for collection of data. Five years records (2011-2015) were reviewed and data on age, sex, date of HIV screening, results and location were extracted from hospital registers and entered electronically for analysis. Findings emerging from this study suggest high HIV prevalence in mining communities in Ghana. This study also identified a decline in routine HIV testing. The study suggests means to tailor public health efforts to improve HIV testing in mining communities. Transactional sexual activities among women and the younger generations may account for the high HIV prevalence according to findings from this study.

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