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Relative validity of a food and beverage preference questionnaire to characterize taste phenotypes in children adolescents and adults

Journal article
Authors H. Jilani
H. Pohlabeln
S. De Henauw
G. Eiben
Monica Hunsberger
D. Molnar
L. A. Moreno
V. Pala
P. Russo
A. Solea
T. Veidebaum
W. Ahrens
A. Hebestreit
Idefics, Idefics,
Published in Nutrients
Volume 11
Issue 7
ISSN 2072-6643
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11071453
Keywords Adolescents, Adults, European children, Taste preference questionnaire, Validation, adolescent, adult, article, beverage, child, cohort analysis, controlled study, Cyprus, Estonia, European, female, food frequency questionnaire, food intake, Germany, groups by age, human, human experiment, Hungary, Italy, major clinical study, male, phenotype, propensity score, regression analysis, sensation, Spain, stratification, Sweden, sweetness, taste preference, validation process, validity
Subject categories Nutrition and Dietetics

Abstract

To assess the relative validity of our food and beverage preference questionnaire we investigated the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores (assessed using a food and beverage preference questionnaire) and sweet and fatty food propensity scores (derived from a food frequency questionnaire). In I.Family, a large European multi-country cohort study, 12,207 participants from Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden, including 5291 adults, 3082 adolescents, and 3834 children, completed a food and beverage preference questionnaire with 63 items. Cumulative preference scores for sweet and fatty taste were calculated from the single item ranking ranging from 1 to 5. The relative consumption frequency of foods classified as sweet and fatty was used to calculate the corresponding consumption propensities, a continuous variable ranging from 0 to 100. We conducted regression analyses to investigate the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores and sweet and fatty food propensity scores, respectively, separately for adults, adolescents ≥12 years, and for children <12 years. The overall sweet taste preference score was positively associated with the sweet food consumption propensity score (β = 2.4, 95% CI: 2.1;2.7) and the fatty taste preference score was positively associated with the fatty food consumption propensity score (β = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.8;2.2). After stratification for age (children <12 years, adolescents ≥12 years, and adults), the effect remained significant in all age groups and was strongest in adolescents and adults. We conclude that our food and beverage preference questionnaire is a useful instrument for epidemiological studies on sensory perception and health outcomes and for the characterization of sensory taste phenotypes. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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