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Ready for Transfer to Adult Care? A Triadic Evaluation of Transition Readiness in Adolescents With Congenital Heart Disease and Their Parents

Journal article
Authors A. Burstrom
Mariela Acuña Mora
M. Ojmyr-Joelsson
Carina Sparud Lundin
A. Rydberg
K. Hanseus
B. Frenckner
M. Nisell
Philip Moons
Ewa-Lena Bratt
Published in Journal of Family Nursing
ISSN 1074-8407
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1177/1074840719864255
Keywords adolescents, congenital heart disease, readiness for transition, parents, quality-of-life, young-adults, health-care, psychometric properties, position paper, task-force, self-care, society, child, scale, Family Studies, Nursing
Subject categories Nursing

Abstract

Transfer to adult care for adolescents with chronic conditions ought to be determined by transition readiness. The aims of this study were (a) to describe the level of readiness for transition in adolescents with congenital heart disease, (b) to compare adolescents' assessment of transition readiness with their parents' assessments, and (c) to study potential correlates of transition readiness. A total of 157 triads of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years and their parents completed the Readiness for Transition Questionnaire. Adolescents scored higher on overall readiness than their parents. Multivariable analyses revealed that higher levels of adolescents' overall readiness were associated with a less threatening view of the illness, a higher level of empowerment, and with higher mothers' and fathers' overall readiness scores. Adolescents' responsibility scores were positively associated with age and parental adolescent responsibility scores. Parental involvement scores were negatively associated with adolescents' age and positively with the mothers' parental involvement scores. By using a triadic evaluation, the results of the present study significantly extend what is currently known about this population.

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