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Prevalence of stillbirth at the Buea Regional Hospital, Fako Division south-west region, Cameroon

Journal article
Authors Nkengafac Boris Anu
Claude Ngwayu Nkfusai
Marvelle Nanyongo Mbua Evelle
Liza Enanga Efande
Fala Bede
Joyce Shirinde
Samuel Nambile Cumber
Published in Pan African Medical Journal
Volume 33
Issue 315
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2019....
www.panafrican-med-journal.com/cont...
Keywords Stillbirths, prevalence, gender, abortion, deliveries, antenatal clinics, meme division, south west region, Cameroon
Subject categories Health Sciences, Basic Medicine, Other Medical Sciences

Abstract

Introduction: the study investigated the prevalence of stillbirth at the Buea Regional Hospital, by taking cases of pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic(s) and those who did not attend but had thier deiveries at the Buea regional hospital. The study specifically estimated the prevalence of stillbirths; identified possible risk factors associated with stillbirths, and determined whether the number of antenatal clinic visits is related to the occurrence of stillbirths-because during antenatal clinic visits, pregnant women are educated on risk factors of stillbirths such as: preterm deliveries; sex of the stillbirth; history of stillbirth; history of abortion(s); what age group of mothers are more likely to have a stillbirth. Methods: the study was a hospital based retrospective study at the maternity in which there were 3577 deliveries registered at the Buea Regional Hospital dated May 1st, 2014 to April 30th, 2017. With the aid of a checklist data was collected, analysed and presented with the use of tables, pie-charts and bar charts. Results: the prevalence of stillbirths was 26‰; possible risk factors associated with stillbirths included: preterm deliveries; women aged 20-29 years; history of abortion(s); a history of stillbirth; sex of stilbirths were more of females than males; and insufficient antenatal clinic attendance (≤1 antenatal clinic attendence) had more stillbirths. Conclusion: the study estabished that stillbirths can occur in any woman of child-bearing age. possible risk factors associated with stillbirths included: preterm deliveries; women aged 20-29 years; history of abortion(s); a history of stillbirth; gender of stilbirths were more of females than males; and insufficient antenatal clinic attendance (≤1 antenatal clinic attendence) had more stillbirths.

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