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The level of knowledge and associated socio-demographic factors on cervical cancer among women: a cross-sectional study at Kenyase Bosore community, Ghana

Journal article
Authors Ampofo Ama Gyamfua
Isaac Nkrumah
Bukola Mary Ibitoye
Beatrice Ampofo Agyemang
Evelyn Serwaa Ofosu
Joyce Mahlako Tsoka-Gwegweni
Samuel Nambile Cumber
Published in Pan African Medical Journal
Volume 34
Issue 44
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Links www.panafrican-med-journal.com/cont...
Keywords Knowledge, socio-demographic factors, cervical cancer, Ghana
Subject categories Other Medical Sciences, Basic Medicine, Health Sciences

Abstract

Introduction: cervical cancer is a major cause of death amongst women around the world. In Ghana, it accounts for over 2,119 female deaths and about 3,151 new diagnoses of the disease and usually diagnosed at an advance stage, making it difficult to treat. This study aims at assessing the knowledge on risk factors, prevention and treatment of cervical cancer among women in Bosore. Methods: this study was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among women in Bosore a town in the Kwabre East District in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. A total of 200 women were selected for the studies using the convenience sampling technique. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data and statistical package for social sciences application was used to analyse the data. Pearson chi-square test was used to find associations between knowledge and awareness level and socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. Results: generally, 9.7% of the respondents had high knowledge on cervical cancer, 20.6% had moderate knowledge and 69.7% had low knowledge on cervical cancer. There was a significant association between educational background (p=0.000) and awareness level of the respondents. There was also a significant association between the occupation (p=0.003), educational background (p=0.000) and knowledge level of the respondents. Conclusion: the knowledge level of the respondents was very low. Specifically, the respondents had inadequate knowledge on risk factors, signs and symptoms, prevention and treatment of cervical cancer. The study revealed that there should be introduction and intense education on cervical cancer education at antenatal and family planning clinics in the community and Ghana as whole.

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