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Non-collision incidents on buses due to acceleration and braking manoeuvres leading to falling events among standing passengers

Journal article
Authors A. P. Silvano
Maria Ohlin
Published in Journal of Transport & Health
Volume 14
Issue September
ISSN 2214-1405
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Language en
Keywords Bus operation, Falling events, Injury severity, Non-collision, Public transport, Standing passengers, public buses, injuries, balance, age, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Transportation, iences, v52, pm8
Subject categories Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


Background: On public transport buses, standing passengers are subject to acceleration and braking driver manoeuvres which may lead to a falling event. Purpose and procedures: This study investigates the characteristics of such events connected to driver manoeuvres (i.e., acceleration or braking), passenger conditions (i.e., boarding, travelling, alighting), and injury severity. The data for analyses comprise three and a half years (2015-2018). All passengers were standing at the time of the fall event and were treated at hospital emergency departments (ED) after the falling event. Findings: The results highlight aspects which may need further attention. For example, the involvement of females is not only high for the 65 + age group, this is also the case for younger age groups which indicates that acceleration/deceleration threshold values for sustaining balance may differ by gender. Furthermore, driver manoeuvres and passenger conditions are important characteristics impacting the mechanisms of falling differently. In acceleration manoeuvres, older passengers (aged 65 +) are most often involved in a fall inmediately after boarding, whereas falls during braking manoeuvres are most common while travelling, and mostly involving the 25-64 years-old age group. Conclusions: These findings may indicate that acceleration and braking manoeuvres should be studied separately. It is worth noting that driving style might influence the risk of losing balance for standing passengers, and shortening the time to get seated can be beneficial for reducing the risk of falling, especially for the elderly users after boarding the bus.

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