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Étendue du vocabulaire et compréhension écrite – le français à l'université en Suède

Journal article
Authors Mårten Ramnäs
Published in Bergen Language and Lingustics Studies
Volume 10
Issue 1
Pages 1-12
ISSN 1892-2449
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Languages and Literatures
Pages 1-12
Language fr
Keywords vocabulary, coverage, reading comprehension, SLA, French
Subject categories Learning, French language


This paper investigates the amount of French vocabulary needed to read (with reasonable comprehension) three authentic novels used in a first semester course of French at a Swedish university. The analysis applies the concept of lexical coverage and uses the frequency lists of Lonsdale & Le Bras (2009). The counting unit is the lemma. This study also examines the common French word list used in all Swedish universities offering French degrees. The results show that 7 000 to 9 000 lemmas will provide the 98 % coverage needed for reasonable comprehension. This is at least twice the 4 000 lemmas contained in the university list. The results therefore point to the necessity of including a vocabulary component also in higher-level French courses.

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