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The effect of neighbourhood social capital on child injuries: A gender-stratified analysis

Journal article
Authors M. Eriksson
U. Lindgren
A. Ivarsson
Nawi Ng
Published in Health and Place
Volume 60
ISSN 1353-8292
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.20...
Subject categories Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Social Work

Abstract

We designed a longitudinal retrospective cohort study to analyse the associations between neighbourhood social capital and child injures. Register data from the Umeå Simsam Lab in Sweden was used to measure child injuries and demographic and socioeconomic factors at individual, household and neighbourhood level. A social capital score from a previous survey was used to measure neighbourhood social capital. We conducted a three-level multilevel negative binomial regression analysis, with children (level 1, N = 77,193) nested within households (level 2, N = 10,465), and households nested within neighbourhoods (level 3, N = 49). The incidence rate of child injuries was lower in high social capital neighbourhoods. When controlling for factors at individual, household and neighbourhood levels, living in a high social capital neighbourhood was protective of injuries among girls, but not among boys. Promoting social capital in local neighbourhoods could be seen as a prevention strategy for injuries among girls. © 2019 The Authors

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