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To Get Back on Track: A Qualitative Study on Childless Women's Expectations on Future Fertility Before Undergoing Bariatric Surgery

Journal article
Authors E. Nilsson-Condori
Stina Järvholm
Ann Thurin-Kjellberg
I. Sidlovskaja
J. L. Hedenbro
B. Friberg
Published in Clinical Medicine Insights-Reproductive Health
Volume 13
ISSN 1179-5581
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1177/1179558119874777
Keywords Obesity, female fertility, bariatric surgery, qualitative research, construct-validity, outcomes, obesity, pregnancy, reduction, awareness, decision, registry, Obstetrics & Gynecology
Subject categories Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In Sweden, 4700 women seek bariatric surgery annually, many of those being nulliparous. Anovulation is common among obese women, but bariatric surgery is not considered a treatment for infertility. The aim of this study was to explore the motives of women in fertile age for seeking bariatric surgery and their expectations on future fertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews with childless women (n=12) aged 20 to 35 years. Interviews were conducted 1 to 3 weeks prior to surgery. transcribed verbatim. and analyzed with thematic analysis. RESULTS: "To get back on track" was identified as a master theme with 3 underlying subthemes, with the following headings: "A better me," "A fertile me." and "A pregnant me." The participants were hoping that weight-loss would make them feel more content with themselves, break isolation, and make it easier to find a partner. The participants considered fertility to improve after bariatric surgery, mainly based on stories from other patients of bariatric surgery. Having a child was expressed to be of great importance to them. CONCLUSIONS: Even though obese young women do not seek bariatric surgery for fertility reasons alone, there is a general perception of enhanced fertility after surgery. which is regarded as positive and important.

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