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Concurrent and lagged effects of psychosocial job stressors on symptoms of burnout

Journal article
Authors Emina Hadzibajramovic
Gunnar Ahlborg
Anna Grimby-Ekman
Published in International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume 92
Pages 1013-1021
ISSN 03400131
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Metrics
Pages 1013-1021
Language en
Keywords Criterion-based approach, Decision authority, Effort–reward imbalance, Interaction, Job demands, Longitudinal analysis, Psychosocial work environment
Subject categories Public health science

Abstract

© 2019, The Author(s). Purpose: Burnout is a mental condition described as being a result of long-term stressors commonly related to psychosocial factors at work. The aim of the present study was to investigate longitudinal relationships between job demands, decision authority, effort and reward, and symptoms of burnout, as well as the joint effects of job demands and decision authority, and of effort and reward. Methods: The data came from a four-wave longitudinal cohort study of Swedish health care workers. Longitudinal associations were analysed using mixed effects regression models with random intercept. Results: The concurrent analysis showed that demand and decision authority, as well as effort and reward, were associated with symptoms of burnout over time. Evidence of the lagged effects of workplace factors on burnout symptoms was limited to reward. No clear effect modification was found. Conclusion: An increase in unfavourable working conditions implied increasing scores on the burnout measure over time. The concurrent effects of job demands, decision authority, effort and reward on symptoms of burnout were seen. The evidence of lagged effects was limited to the low-reward condition. Regularly monitoring these work environment conditions at workplaces can help identify risk situations for burnout and thus be useful in the prevention of work-related mental illness. Lastly, a new approach to defining the risk groups was proposed, which is consistent across different populations and time points.

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