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Work-related cardiovascular disease

Doctoral thesis
Authors Helena Eriksson
Date of public defense 2019-09-26
ISBN 978-91-7833-535-0
Publisher Göteborgs universitet
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Language en
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/60282
Keywords Occupational noise, shift work, job strain, seafarer, cardiovascular disease
Subject categories Cardiovascular medicine, Occupational medicine

Abstract

The overall aim of this thesis was to study occupational risk factors for cardiovascular disease, particularly, occupational noise, job strain and shift work. Incidence of cardiovascular disease was analysed in a general population sample, the Primary Prevention Study, in relation to exposure to noise and job strain. The results indicated that exposure to noise increased the risk of developing coronary heart disease. Simultaneous exposure to job strain further increased the risk. We could not demonstrate an increased risk of stroke. Female workers in the paper industry exposed to shift work and noise were analysed regarding mortality from cardiovascular disease in a longitudinal cohort study. Female workers exposed to noise >90 dB(A) or the combination of shift work and noise had an increased mortality from acute myocardial infarction but not from stroke. A cohort study of Swedish seafarers was performed. There was no increased mortality for seafarers who had worked on passenger ferries only. However, seafarers who had worked on different types of vessels had an increased total mortality and in addition an increased mortality from cardiovascular disease among relatively younger seafarers. The association between exposure to job strain and presence of coronary calcium was studied in the SCAPIS pilot study, a general population sample. The power of the study was limited, but exposure to high strain job or active job could potentially increase the risk in men, but not in women, where it could rather be exposure to passive job, however the results were insignificant. The results of the thesis strengthen earlier observations of a health hazardous effect from exposure to noise, job strain and shift work. The results are also in parity with international studies on increased mortality among seafarers.

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