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Exosomes influence the behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells on titanium surfaces.

Journal article
Authors Xiaoqin Wang
Furqan A. Shah
Forugh Vazirisani
Anna Johansson
Anders Palmquist
Omar Omar
Karin Ekström
Peter Thomsen
Published in Biomaterials
Volume 230
Issue February
ISSN 1878-5905
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Biomaterials Science, Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy), Basic Medicine

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have important roles during osseointegration. This study determined (i) if MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs)/exosomes can be immobilized on titanium (Ti) surfaces and influence the behavior of MSCs, (ii) if the response is differentially affected by EVs from expanded vs differentiated MSCs and (iii) if the EV protein cargos predict the functional features of the exosomes. EVs secreted by human adipose-derived MSCs were isolated by ultracentrifugation and analyzed using nanoparticle tracking analysis, Western blotting and relative quantitative mass spectrometry. Fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, cell counting assay and quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to analyze MSC adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. Exosome immobilization on Ti promoted MSC adhesion and spreading after 24 h and proliferation after 3 and 6 days, irrespective of whether the exosomes were obtained from expansion or differentiation conditions. Immobilized exosomes upregulated stromal cell-derived factor (SDF-1α) gene expression. Cell adhesion molecules and signaling molecules were abundant in the exosomal proteome. The predicted functions of the equally-abundant proteins in both exosome types were in line with the observed biological effects mediated by the exosomes. Thus, exosomes derived from MSCs and immobilized on Ti surfaces interact with MSCs and rapidly promote MSC adhesion and proliferation. These findings provide a novel route for modification of titanium implant surfaces.

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