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Factors associated with higher occupational balance in people with anxiety and/or depression who require occupational therapy treatment.

Journal article
Authors Petra Wagman
Fredrik Hjärthag
Carita Håkansson
Katarina Hedin
A Birgitta Gunnarsson
Published in Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Pages 1-7
ISSN 1103-8128
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Health and Rehabilitation
Pages 1-7
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1080/11038128.20...
Keywords Activities in daily living; adults; cross-sectional studies; mental health; occupational performance; quality of life; satisfaction with occupational performance
Subject categories Health Sciences

Abstract

Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders are associated with problems with everyday occupations, including difficulties achieving occupational balance. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe occupational balance in people suffering from anxiety and/or depression and the factors that are associated with better self-rated occupational balance. Material: One hundred and eighteen participants were recruited from outpatient mental health care and primary health care. The participants were 18-65 years, had a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression, and had problems in everyday occupations. They answered questionnaires on occupational balance, psychological symptoms, quality of life and everyday occupations. Results: A generally low rating of occupational balance was found; however, the scores differed depending on the participants' degree of anxiety and depression, their quality of life, their occupational performance and satisfaction with their occupational performance. Logistic regression analyses revealed that high quality of life, high satisfaction with occupational performance and low level of depression were associated to occupational balance. Conclusion: The results indicate that enhanced satisfaction with life and with performance of everyday occupations are relevant factors for achieving occupational balance in clients diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression.

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