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Predictive associations between lifestyle behaviours and dairy consumption: The IDEFICS study

Journal article
Authors A. M. Santaliestra-Pasias
E. M. Gonzalez-Gil
V. Pala
T. Intemann
A. Hebestreit
P. Russo
C. Van Aart
P. Rise
T. Veidebaum
D. Molnar
M. Tornaritis
Gabriele Eiben
L. A. Moreno
Published in Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume 30
Issue 3
Pages 514-522
ISSN 0939-4753
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Pages 514-522
Language en
Keywords Lifestyle behaviours, Dairy consumption, European, Children, IDEFICS, study, Sedentary, Physical activity, adolescent obesity, physical-activity, diet quality, risk, children, food, overweight, preschool, diseases, habits, Cardiovascular System & Cardiology, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Nutrition & Dietetics
Subject categories Health Sciences


Background and aim: Physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB) are related to obesity and cardiometabolic risk; however, the literature is controversial regarding the effect of dairy consumption on the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The aim of this study was to assess longitudinally the relationship between specific lifestyle behaviours (PA and SB) and dairy consumption in a sample of European children and adolescents. Methods and results: Children from the IDEFICS study were included in the analyses. Two measurements, with 2 years' interval, were conducted. A total of 1688 (50.8% boys) children provided information regarding diet, measured by a 24-h dietary recall, PA measured by accelerometers and parent-reported sedentary screen time (SST) at both time points. Different combinations of these behaviours, at each survey and over time, were derived applying specific recommendations. Multilevel ordinal logistic regression and analysis of covariance were used to assess their association with dairy consumption, adjusted for potential confounders. Differences by gender were found regarding dairy product consumption and also adherence to SB and PA recommendations at T0 and T1. Children meeting both lifestyle recommendations, at the two measurement points, had higher probability to consume more milk and yogurt and less cheese than the rest of combinations. Conclusions: These results suggest that European children with a healthy lifestyle, especially regarding PA and SB over time, consumed more milk and yogurt. This study suggests that the protective effect of specific dairy products found in literature could be partially due to the association of their consumption with specific healthy lifestyles. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University.

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