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A New Bronze Age Mega-fort in Southeastern Europe: Recent Archaeological Investigations at Gradište Iđoš and their Regional Significance

Journal article
Authors Barry Molloy
Dragan Jovanović
Caroline Bruyère
Miroslav Marić
Jelena Bulatović
Patrick Mertl
Christian Horn
Lidija Milašinović
Neda Mirković- Marić
Published in Journal of Field Archaeology
Volume 45
Issue 4
Pages 293-314
ISSN 0093-4690
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Historical Studies
Pages 293-314
Language en
Keywords Urnfield settlement; Bronze Age fortifications; Belegiš; Gava; mega-forts
Subject categories Archaeology


A newly discovered network of later Bronze Age fortified sites of unusually large size are discussed, with a primary focus on results of excavations at the site of Gradište Iđoš. Closely associated with the rivers Mureš, Tisza, and Danube, these sites are located in the southeast of the Carpathian Basin in central Europe. On current evidence, the main period of construction and occupation took place between 1400 – 1100 B.C., probably constituting successor communities of the tell-centred societies of the Middle Bronze Age. Geophysical survey and excavation results from Gradište Iđoš, the largest site in this network in Serbia, are presented in this paper within their regional context. We discuss preliminary insights into the structural development of the site, alongside a correlation of new 14C dates with relative ceramic chronological markers and the results of faunal analysis. These results provide new perspectives on settlement systems at the dawn of Urnfield cultural traditions in this region.

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