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Measuring women's experiences of decision-making and aspects of midwifery support: a confirmatory factor analysis of the revised Childbirth Experience Questionnaire

Journal article
Authors Anna Dencker
Liselotte Bergqvist
Marie Berg
Josephine T. V. Greenbrook
C. Nilsson
Ingela Lundgren
Published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume 20
Issue 1
ISSN 1471-2393
Publication year 2020
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Language en
Keywords Childbirth experience questionnaire, CEQ, CEQ2, Maternal satisfaction, birth experience, 1st childbirth, perceptions, care, oxytocin, model, labor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
Subject categories Obstetrics and gynaecology


BackgroundWomen's experiences of labour and birth can have both short- and long-term effects on their physical and psychological health. The original Swedish version of the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) has shown to have good psychometric quality and ability to differentiate between groups known to differ in childbirth experience. Two subscales were revised in order to include new items with more relevant content about decision-making and aspects of midwifery support. The aim of the study was to develop new items in two subscales and to test construct validity and reliability of the revised version of CEQ, called CEQ2.MethodA total of 11 new items (Professional Support and Participation) and 14 original items from the first CEQ (Own capacity and Perceived safety), were answered by 682 women with spontaneous onset of labour. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to analyse model fit.ResultsThe hypothesised four-factor model showed good fit (CMIN=2.79; RMR=0.33; GFI=0.94; CFI=0.94; TLI=0.93; RMSEA=0.054 and PCLOSE=0.12) Cronbach's alpha was good for all subscales (0.82, 0.83, 0.76 and 0.73) and for the total scale (0.91).ConclusionsCEQ2, like the first CEQ, yields four important aspects of experience during labour and birth showing good psychometric performance, including decision-making and aspects of midwifery support, in both primiparous and multiparous women.

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