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The Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling: A revised framework for understanding gambling harm

Journal article
Authors Margo Hilbrecht
David Baxter
Max Abbott
Per Binde
Luke Clark
David C. Hodgins
Darrel Manitowabi
Lena Quilty
Jessika SpÅngberg
Rachel Volberg
Douglas Walker
Robert J. Williams
Published in Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publication year 2020
Published at School of Global Studies
Language en
Links https://akjournals.com/downloadpdf/...
Keywords conceptual framework, harmful gambling, harmful gambling antecedents, interdisciplinarity, public health, social determinants of health
Subject categories Sociology, Psychology, Substance Abuse, Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Abstract

Background and aims: The Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling moves beyond a symptoms-based view of harm and addresses a broad set of factors related to the risks and effects of gambling harmfully at the individual, family, and community levels. Coauthored by international research experts and informed by multiple stakeholders, Gambling Research Exchange (GREO) facilitated the framework development in 2013 and retains responsibility for regular updates and mobilization. This review article presents information about the revised version of the Conceptual Framework of Harmful Gambling completed in late 2018. Methods: We describe eight interrelated factors depicted in the framework that represent major themes in gambling ranging from the specific (gambling environment, exposure, gambling types, and treatment resources) to the general (cultural, social, psychological, and biological influences). After outlining the framework development and collaborative process, we highlight new topics for the recent update that reflect changes in the gambling landscape and prominent discourses in the scientific community. Some of these topics include social and economic impacts of gambling, and a new model of understanding gambling related harm. Discussion and conclusions: We address the relevance of the CFHG to the gambling and behavioral addictions research community. Harm-based frameworks have been undertaken in other areas of addiction that can both inform and be informed by a model dedicated to harmful gambling. Further, the framework brings a multi-disciplinary perspective to bear on antecedents and factors that co-occur with harmful gambling.

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