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Risk of disability pension in relation to gender and age in a Swedish county; a 12-year population based, prospective cohort study.

Journal article
Authors Nadine Karlsson
Karin Borg
John Carstensen
Gunnel Hensing
Kristina Alexanderson
Published in Work (Reading, Mass.)
Volume 27
Issue 2
Pages 173-9
ISSN 1051-9815
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Pages 173-9
Language en
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Cohort Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pensions, statistics & numerical data, Risk Assessment, Sex Factors, Sick Leave, statistics & numerical data, Survival Analysis, Sweden
Subject categories Public health medicine research areas


Residents of the county of Ostergötland, Sweden, who were 16-64 years of age in December 1984 and not pensioned (n=229,864), were followed in a prospective, cohort, study of data collected between 1985 and 1996. Using survival methods as the method of analysis, the likelihood of being granted a disability pension was 14% for women, 11% for men, and increased with age. Women less than 54 years of age were at higher risk than men (P<0.001), 69% of disability pensions granted were full-time and 31% were part-time, more women received part-time pensions (P<0.001). Whether the differences observed are due to gender bias in social insurance practices, to disease patterns, to occupational and work-related factors, or to a cohort effect has yet to be determined.

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