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Psychological restoration, coping strategies and children’s cognitive performance in the RANCH study

Conference paper
Authors Charlotte Clark
Stephen Stansfeld
Birgitta Berglund
Mats E. Nilsson
Anita Gidlöf-Gunnarsson
Irene van Kamp
Elise van Kempen
Isabel Lopez-Barrio
Published in Proceedings of Inter-Noise 2006, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 3-6 December, 2006, Paper no in06_090 (Available on CD)
Issue Paper no in06_090
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Language en
Keywords Flygbuller, barn, psykologisk återhämtning, inlärning
Subject categories Environmental medicine

Abstract

The RANCH study found a linear exposure effect association between chronic aircraft noise exposure at primary school and the impairment of children’s reading comprehension, in the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. This paper presents multilevel modelling analyses, exploring psychological mechanisms, which may moderate the effect of aircraft noise on children’s cognition. Psychological restoration – the process whereby places which afford tranquility and relaxation are utilized to reduce stress and promote well being – has been shown to reduce the adverse effect of noise on children’s annoyance responses. This paper examines whether having places for psychological restoration at home, moderates the adverse effects of chronic aircraft noise exposure at school on children’s cognition. In addition, the effectiveness of coping strategies in relation to noise exposure at school are examined – are specific coping strategies associated with less impairment of cognition? Multi-level models examining the role of psychological restoration and coping strategies, as part of a broader model of environmental risk and protective factors for children’s cognition are presented. The implication of the findings for interventions for children attending noise exposed schools are discussed.

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