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Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and other biomarkers in infants with urinary tract infection and in febrile controls

Journal article
Authors Sindri Valdimarsson
Ulf Jodal
Lars Barregård
Sverker Hansson
Published in Pediatric nephrology
Volume 32
Issue 11
Pages 2079-2087
ISSN 0931-041X
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 2079-2087
Language en
Subject categories Pediatrics


Urine biomarkers are commonly used in the evaluation of acute kidney injury, and are gaining attention as tools for studying urinary tract infections (UTIs). We analyzed neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and seven other urine biomarkers to evaluate their usefulness in the diagnosis of UTI in infants.Eight urine biomarkers were analyzed in 108 infants with UTI. Controls were 64 febrile children without UTI and 13 healthy children. Logistic regression and construction of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed for UTI patients versus febrile controls for all biomarkers.The best biomarkers to differentiate between UTI and febrile controls were NGAL and interleukin 8 (IL8). Urine NGAL in absolute concentration and adjusted for creatinine had a sensitivity of 93% and 96% and a specificity of 95% and 100% for diagnosing UTI, with a cut-off concentration of 38 ng/mL and 233 ng/mg respectively.Urine biomarkers, particularly NGAL, can aid in the diagnosis of UTI among febrile infants. The results suggest that in infants with fever and high NGAL, UTI is most likely, whereas in infants with fever and low NGAL, other causes of fever should be looked for.

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