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Rape victim and perpetrator blame and the Just World hypothesis: The influence of victim gender and age

Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Författare Leif Strömwall
Helen Alfredsson
Sara Landström
Publicerad i Journal of Sexual Aggression
Volym 19
Nummer/häfte 2
Sidor 207-217
ISSN 1355-2600
Publiceringsår 2013
Publicerad vid Psykologiska institutionen
Sidor 207-217
Språk en
Länkar dx.doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2012.68...
Ämnesord Belief in a Just World, perpetrator blame attributions, rape victim age, rape victim gender, secondary victimisation, victim blame attributions
Ämneskategorier Psykologi, Tillämpad psykologi

Sammanfattning

Victims of rape are sometimes blamed for the assaults against them. Research has examined primarily female victims; much less is known about men as victims and whether victim age affects attributions of victim blame. Furthermore, the study investigated the effects of Belief in a Just World (BJW) on blame attributions. Employing a vignette-type experimental study with a 2 (gender of participant)×2 (victim's gender)×2 (victim's age)×2 (participant BJW score) between-subjects design and several measures of blame attributions towards victim and perpetrator as dependent variables, a community sample (n = 164) participated. The main results were as hypothesised, namely that young male victims were attributed more blame, particularly by participants scoring high on BJW. Overall, victim blame level was low and perpetrator blame was high, and BJW was a powerful predictor of blame attributions.

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