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Institutional Change Towards Increased Participation and Integration: Stories of success and stress from Swedish coastal and maritime management

Paper i proceeding
Författare Andrea Morf
Publicerad i Estuaries and Coasts in a Changing World, Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 20th Biennial Conference, Oregon Convention Centre, Portland, Oregon USA, 1.-5. November 2009
Volym 2009
Publiceringsår 2009
Publicerad vid Institutionen för marin ekologi
Språk en
Ämnesord participation, integrative maritime management, maritime spatial planning, conflict management, institutional change
Ämneskategorier Vatten i natur och samhälle, Översiktlig planering, Studier av offentlig förvaltning, Kommunikationsvetenskap, Empirisk konfliktforskning

Sammanfattning

The paper analyses how Sweden deals with the challenges of integrative coastal and marine management by discussing selected initiatives for innovative coastal management and their potentials and problems. Increasing human use and the resulting environmental problems have created pressure for integration and innovation: Sweden has a long coastline including characteristic archipelagos that are under pressure from housing- and tourism development. Coastal waters suffer from eutrophication due to both local nutrients from households and agriculture and transboundary import by air deposition and aquatic transport. The stocks of many coastal fish species are decreasing due to habitat destruction from coastal development, eutrophication, and over-fishing by recreational and professional fishers. In addition, international initiatives calling for integrative and participatory management put pressure on Sweden to go further beyond traditional resource management – such as the application of the ecosystem approach based on the Convention of Biodiversity and the European Union’s Marine Directive and ICZM-recommendations. Building integrative management of coastal and marine resources into an originally centralist and sector-based system of governance as in Sweden presents a number of challenges. Integrative approaches used so far have been municipal spatial planning, the ongoing implementation of watershed management based on the EU Water Framework Directive, and a number of resource-specific initiatives on local or regional level. The paper discusses the achievements of a selection of completed and ongoing processes, where local management has been linked with higher-level systems of governance in an innovative way (special focus: Sweden's 1st marine national park in the Koster Archipelago in relation to the Ecosystem Approach). The research included is based on a Ph.D. thesis on participatory conflict management through coastal spatial planning, consultancy projects for Swedish governmental agencies with the aim to adapt the system, and a post doc project with the aim to study innovative maritime management.

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